FIT for Renewables? Designing the Green Climate Fund to mobilise feed-in tariffs in developing countries

Axel Michaelowa and Stephan Hoch, Perspectives Climate Change

Burning fossil fuels generates the bulk of global greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, the world’s energy infrastructure needs to rapidly move towards low-carbon technologies in both industrialised and developing countries, if we are to keep global temperature change below 2°C and prevent the worst climate change impacts.

Oil, coal, gas and carbon: Fundamental truths from Indigenous Peoples

Ranil Senanayake, Rainforest Rescue International

Indigenous people know the reality of fossil energy. Take the Shuar peoples of Amazonian Ecuador, for instance, under whose territories lie huge reserves of oil. Unlike those eager to find oil in their territories, the Shuar have rejected exploration, they do not want to get rich from selling oil.They have a saying that ‘oil represents the spirits of a long dead world that we use to satisfy our greed for power and sacrifice our children in return for it.’

Choosing energy without jeopardising peace

Dr Hélène Connor-Lajambe, HELIO International

The United Nations and other world agencies are geographically global in scope, but seldom seem able to work together on the same issue, however crucial it is, even when deep misery or armed conflicts ensue.

Micro hydropower for remote rural areas in Africa

Wim Jonker Klunne, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

Sustainable energy provision is regarded as a major challenge, especially in Africa with large percentages of (rural) populations lacking access to (basic) energy services. Overall, two thirds of the population does not have access to electricity, while in rural areas this can be as high as 92 per cent. Although the electrification rates differ between countries, rural areas in general lack access to adequate, affordable, and reliable energy services.

Coal’s double health burden

Génon K Jensen, Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL)

 
Human health faces a two-fold onslaught from coal.

First, the burning of coal – the most carbon-intensive energy source – contributes significantly to climate change, which the World Health Organization’s Director-General, Dr Margaret Chan describes as the major public health challenge of the 21st century

Re-energising climate efforts

Anna Leidreiter, World Future Council

The burning of fossil fuels is the main reason behind a 40 per cent increase in CO2 concentrations since the industrial revolution. This was again one of the key findings of the recently published Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report (IPCC Working Group I contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report, September 2013), repeating the message of the Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation from 2011.

Rapidly growing slums could be the key to sustainable urban energy system transformation

Mukesh Gupta, Central European University, Budapest

With economic growth, several countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa are able to help increase their citizens’ income and therefore pull poor populations out of slums. Unfortunately, in the absence of energy friendly and sustainable choices, these former slum populations are now becoming normal urban residents who are locked-in to a fossil fuel based energy system.

Reflection from COP 19, Monday 11th November

Evelyn Araripe, Brazilian Youth Delegation

COP 19 started on a Polish holiday - Independence Day. Over the weekend the delegations received bulletins warning them that this holiday can be dangerous and violent. There are many protests and COP participants were told to take extra care of themselves.